The bibliography records relevant to the study were searched on Pub Med and Lilacs, till August 15, 2016, without restriction of language.
A total of 78 references were identified, of which 29 met the inclusion criteria.
[Table 1] summaries the search strategies and results, for both Pub Med and Lilacs.
Data of the references included were compiled in Microsoft Excel and the statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 10.0.
Most definitions of API involve detection of erythrocytic parasites in absence of clinical malaria symptoms (generally fever) during a specified time frame.