Some Jewish communities may have had privileges that were superior to those enjoyed by Christians. The book contains a chapter by Diana Schulle on Jewish genealogy, pp. See City Directories, Chapter 7, for a further discussion of city directories enumerated in this book. On the other hand, Bernard Weinryb, in “East European Jewry (Since the Partition of Poland, 1772-1795)” [see Selected Bibliography, General Histories Containing References to Posen Jews] points out that only 535 Jews resident in the city of Posen out of a Jewish population of about 6,000 were naturalized by 1835, and only 20% of total Jewish residents were naturalized by 1843. However, not only is there a vast disparity in the percentage of persons in a given town being naturalized compared to other towns but also assuming that each naturalized person had a wife and five living children, about 47.8% of the Jewish inhabitants were either naturalized or the dependents of such naturalized persons. -6- Landsmanshaftn and Other United States Manuscript Sources Ehrlich, Richard A., 1784-1964, Fünf Generationen der Familien Alexander Ehrlich, 10 pp., typed. Born in Rogasen on 22 February 1888 and died in New York City. Locations: A 16/3, A 17/4, S 4013, S 4014, S 4015, photograph album. Rabbi Arje Jehuda Löb Caro of Krotoschin, died 1760, pp. The Eskeles Genealogy, Part I, compiled by Eskolot, Zeev. Booklet prepared by Zeev Eshkolot, containing genealogical tables with introduction.
Many Jews in Europe fought against Napoleon because they feared the loss of such privileges. The 10th edition was reviewed by Sonneborn, Charles, in Stammbaum: Ahnenforschung in Aschkenas: The Newsletter of German-Jewish Genealogical Research, Winter Springs, FL: Harry Katzman, Vol. Compare the situation in 1816: Laubert, Manfred, Die Verwaltung der Provinz Posen 1815-1847, Breslau: Priebatsch, 1923, 312 pp. Further analyzing Zarchin’s work in conjunction with my own, the percentage of Jewish tailors, for example, naturalized in a given town depended more upon the local wealth [possibly based upon the enforcement of the guild system] of that town than upon the nature of the profession. Family history from the author’s grandparents to his son. Available on microfilm; location: second floor, left microfilm cabinet. Eskeles, Eshkolot, Loeb, Wilsker, Goldner, Levinson, Pear, Guttman, Foyer, Mayerfeld, Rose, Salomon, Speier, Growald, Louria, Goldschmidt, and Frank families. See also published work under the same author and title in Selected Bibliography under Jutroschin.
The Prussians did not want free migration from the poorest domain of the King to the 16 “old” provinces.
Accordingly, they first sought to colonize Posen, to develop it economically, and to “Germanize” it.
While the modern German refers to “Neustadt an der Warthe” or “Neustadt a. Warthe,” I have used Hirschberg’s style of “Neustadt a.